This website calculates the activities of all elements (for which we have defined interaction parameters) in a liquid solution of molten iron at a given temperature that contains some mix of other elements. The temperature and composition of interest are defined in a data file and uploaded to this server for computation.
Results from this website can be cited in the following way:
MetalAct Website, http://www.earth.ox.ac.uk/~expet/metalact/, Wood, BJ;Wade, J;Norris, A, [Date of Access].
We also ask that you cite the original paper that this website is based upon:
Wade, J & Wood, BJ, "Core formation and the oxidation state of the Earth", EARTH AND PLANETARY SCIENCE LETTERS, DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.05.017, 2005 [DOI Lookup]
The interaction parameters in liquid iron alloys are sourced from Table 2.1, p280-293 in  and have been converted to the form using Equation (20), p276, in the same text. Any data derived at a temperature other than the reference temperature (1873K) is adjusted to the reference temperature using Equation (17) from .
There have been a number of revisions to these values, as listed here:
The gamma zero () values for each element in liquid iron are taken from Table 1, p278 in  and for convenience the natural logarithm is computed. These values are then adjusted to the reference temperature (1873K) using Equation (16) from .
There have been a number of revisions, and additions, to these values, as listed here:
, , , , , , , , were estimated by Wade and Wood.
, , , , , , , were revised using p479 from .
The algorithm is implemented in PHP and computed in double precision by the web server at the time that the data file is uploaded. For convenience results are temporarily retained by the server, but it is encouraged that users should download the results as soon as possible.
The algorithm follows these steps:
 MA, Zhongting, "Thermodynamic description for concentrated metallic solutions using interaction parameters", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, DOI:10.1007/s11663-001-0011-0, 2001 [DOI Lookup]
 Bouchard and Bale, "Simultaneous optimization of thermochemical data for liquid iron alloys containing C, N, Ti, Si, Mn, S, and P", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, DOI:10.1007/BF02653863, 1995 [DOI Lookup]
 Tuff, J, Wood, BJ, Wade, J, "The effect of Si on metal-silicate partitioning of siderophile elements and implications for the conditions of core formation", GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA, DOI:10.1016/j.gca.2010.10.027, 2011 [DOI Lookup]